This week’s gospel continues this theme with another parable of Jesus, this time about a group of workers in a vineyard. Though I’ll eventually offer a different angle on this parable, the standard interpretation is powerful as well, and warrants a brief discussion. According to the dominant reading of this parable, what we see here is an account of God’s historical plan of salvation that begins with God’s ancient covenant with the Israelites and culminates with the inclusion of the Gentiles into the people of God. The tension between the workers who started their work at the very beginning of the day and those who only came in at the last hour recalls the understandable resistance of the Jews to the newcomers. Did not the Jews bear the burden of the day and the scorching heat? Did they not undergo slavery and exile over centuries while holding on to the promises of God for dear life? What a scandal it is, then, to countenance the equal pay and standing of those who barely broke a sweat.